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Gloucester Landscape
Date: 1919
Maker: Stuart Davis , American, 1892 - 1964
Dimensions: 24 x 30 in. (61 x 76.2 cm.)
Medium: oil on canvas
Credit Line: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Purchased with funds from the Art Collectors' Council and the Virginia Steele Scott Foundation
Object Number: 2006.9
Label Text: One of the first Americans to fully embrace Cubism, Stuart Davis painted Gloucester Landscape early in his career, when he experimented with European avant-garde styles. The slightly flattened perspective and the geometric interpretation of the rocks and foliage demonstrate the influence of Paul Cézanne and the Cubists. Davis's vigorous, multidirectional brushstrokes show his interest in the painting of Vincent van Gogh. Davis first visited Gloucester, Massachusetts, in 1915, when he stayed in a house rented by the artist John Sloan, who was a friend and mentor. The paintings Davis produced around the fishing village represented his first attempts at landscape. To help the viewer understand the vastness of the land, sea, and sky in his Gloucester scenes, Davis often included schooners at sea to provide a sense of scale.